Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)
PQQ is a newly appreciated & powerful plant-based antioxidant derived from kiwi fruit that improves reproductive performance and promotes vasodilation, as demonstrated in preclinical trials multiple preclinical trials.
B. Q. Zhu et al., “Comparison of pyrroloquinoline quinone and/or metoprolol on myocardial infarct size and mitochondrial damage in a rat model of ischemia/reperfusion injury,” J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther., 2006.
F. Steinberg et al., “Pyrroloquinoline quinone improves growth and reproductive performance in mice fed chemically defined diets,” Exp. Biol. Med., 2003.
B. Zhang et al., “Transcriptome analysis of the effect of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium (PQQ·Na2) on reproductive performance in sows during gestation and lactation,” J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 2019.
B. Zhang et al., “Effect of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium in female rats during gestating and lactating on reproductive performance and the intestinal barrier functions in the progeny,” Br. J. Nutr., 2019.