Epimedium is a herb that belongs to the genus of plants and family Berberidaceae. Other names for epimedium are Yin yang Huo, horny goat weed, barrenwort, bishop’s hat, and fairy wings. The geographic location of these herbs is mostly in China. Epimedium is an evergreen and deciduous spider-like plant, which grows in spring.
It is used as a dietary supplement for several health purposes. It is a Chinese traditional medicinal herb. Furthermore, it is beneficial in treating several medical conditions like erectile dysfunction, osteoporosis, fatigue, nerve pain, hay fever, and atherosclerosis.
History of epimedium:
Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, named epimedium species in the year 1753. There are 65 accepted species for the epimedium plant. Western areas are harvesting some hybrids and varieties of epimedium herb for 100-150 years. West cultivates an array of these Chinese herbs while many of these herbs are yet to name (newly discovered).
Botanists found several new species of epimedium in the year 1990 due to the hard work of Darrell Probst ( Massachusetts) and Mikinori Ogisu (Japan). Farmers found the epimedium plant when they noticed an increase in the sexual activities of goats. These goats grazed on epimedium farms.
Mechanism of action
Epimedium contains certain chemicals, which can improve the flow of blood and improve sexual activity. Epimedium contains phytoestrogens, which act like a female estrogen hormone. It can reduce the loss of bone density in postmenopausal women.
Uses of epimedium:
According to several research studies, there are significant beneficial properties for epimedium.